According to Wikipedia, Green tea is a type of tea that is made from camellia sinensis leaves that have not undergone the same withering and oxidation process used to make black tea. So despite originating from the same plant species, green tea has different properties in terms of its taste, aroma and appearance compared to other types of tea due to the process it undergoes during its production. It contains a lesser amount of caffeine compared to black tea, and therefore makes it a healthier alternative. Since it doesn’t don’t go through the oxidation process black tea undergoes, it is rich in EGCG (epigallactocatechin gallate), a popular antioxidant known for fighting cancer, cardiovascular conditions and more. In fact, the list of green tea benefits is anything but short. Read on to find out more!
- Cancer prevention: Green tea is rich in bioactive compounds, including antioxidants. EGCG present in green tea is the most effective green tea antioxidant and has potent cancer-fighting abilities. Cancer, is caused due to the uncontrolled growth and multiplication of cells that result in tumors in the body. Once blood vessels begin to form in these tumors, cancer cells begin grow faster and spread to other areas of the body as the blood vessel provide them with nutrients and oxygen. However, cancer has little chance against EGCG antioxidant which fights cancer in mainly three ways,
• Stops cancer cells from growing
• Kills cancer cells
• Prevents formation and growth of new blood vessels in tumors
- Cure for Alzheimer’s: Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease in humans and is a leading cause of dementia. The disease is caused when the brain is affected by the formation of beta-amyloid plaques. Green tea can prevent such a thing from happening because the flavonoid called EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate) can bind to beta-amyloid proteins to prevent formations, and ultimately, prevent Alzheimer’s disease.
- Prevention and management of type 2 Diabetes: The cells of people with type 2 diabetes cannot absorb blood sugar or glucose efficiently due to a development of resistance against insulin, a hormone responsible for the regulation of blood glucose levels. This leads to an elevated level of blood glucose in a condition known as hyperglycemia. Green tea is a natural treatment for type 2 diabetes. Catechins, a type of antioxidant in green tea help reduce the effects of insulin resistance by decreasing the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. Type 2 diabetes is more common in individuals who are overweight, so green tea also helps them by losing weight.
- Lower heart disease risk: Green tea is effective against the prevention of heart diseases or cardiovascular diseases due to its ability to lower total cholesterol levels, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, which are mainly responsible. It also increases the blood’s antioxidant capacity which prevents oxidation of LDL cholesterol particles, which eventually result in heart problems.
- Treatment for obesity: Green tea helps lose weight in two ways. Firstly, the caffeine present in green tea, though limited in quantity, is said to help burn fat and improve exercise performance. Secondly, the antioxidant EGCG found in green tea is known for its metabolism-boosting ability. EGCG also prevents the inhibition of the hormone norepinephrine responsible for the breakdown of fat by the fat cells. The fat then gets released into the bloodstream and can be used as a source of energy instead of accumulating in the body.
- Solution for skin problems: It won’t be incorrect to say that green tea is like an elixir of youth given the many benefits of green tea for skin. The antioxidants present in green tea slow down the aging process, and gives it a youthful glow by reducing the production of oil which otherwise clog the pores, making it dull. Green tea can also be used to treat psoriasis, acne, blackheads, and puffiness around the eyes. It is also a natural skin toner.
- Increased bone health: Multiple studies suggest that green tea has the ability to protect against bone loss and associated problems such as osteoporosis. Green tea which is full of antioxidant, stimulates mineralization in order to generate bone formation. It also inhibits the formation of cells that remove bone tissue.
- Improves eye health: Green tea is rich in antioxidants like vitamin C, lutein and flavonoids, which protect against various kinds of eye diseases. For example, the flavonoids present in the tea leaves help protect the eyes against diseases such as cataracts. EGCG is at work again when it comes to eye care properties of green tea whereby it collects in the retina thereby protecting it against dangerous UV rays.
Summing up, green tea has many medicinal and health benefits. It’s also a great alternative for many other kinds of beverages that are high in caffeine, sugar and other harmful substances. It keeps the body youthful and energetic by boosting the metabolism and actively fighting against the harmful substances that may otherwise bring the body down.